Namastha Devi Kalyani
Mahaa Paathaka Nasini
Thambraparneem Thuvayees nasrye
Pahi mam pala Saagaraath
This is a Sanskrit verse in praise of the perinneal river Thambraparni
mentioned in the book Thambaraparani Mahaathmiyam.
It is also stated that this river otherwise known as Dakshina ganga is
holier than the ganges itself. According to Vishnu Puraanam river ganges
in the form of the lady appealed to lord Vishnu to suggest her how she
could get rid of the sins accumulated in her waters because of many a
sinner taking bath in her waters to wash off their sins.
Lord Vishnu then told her that river Thambraparani originating from
Bhana Theertham was highly divine because of the penance and homams
performed on her banks by a large number of sages and saints, for years
He advised ganges to get herself purified by bathing in the waters of
Thambraparani. The ganges thanked Vishnu, followed his advice, and
regained her sanctity.
Mention about holy Thambraparani is made also in the Kishkinda kandam of
the great epic srimath Ramayanam.
A large number of Siva and Perumal temples had been built by sincere
devotees on the banks of thambraparani river. Even today these temples
are places of solace for pious people who, by worshipping the deities
are immensely rewarded.
The 60th chapter of Thambraparani Mahaathmiyam vividly describes the
importance of one such holy place named Vishnu Vanam on the Earterm
banks of this river. Tulsi and Darpa very much liked by Lord Vishnu grow
here in abundance.
A small village in this area known as Mani Mahodaya Agrahaaram is now
called shortly as Aharam. It has become famous as Dasa Avathara
Kshethram. The Thambraparani river itself came to known as
Dasaavathara theertham and the presiding Deity of the perumal temple
here has come tobe known as Dassavathara Moorthy
Thambraparani Mahaathiyam narrates in its 60th chapter about Chandra
Malini Ashram which was the original name of the present Aharam. It
is said that this place was named as Chandra Malini Ashram after
Chandra malini the daughter of a Kashmir king by name kumkumangan.
A brahamin youth, named Mithra Sahaa was a learned, pious gentleman,
who lived in Vishnu Vanam according to Vedic style, nourishing and
doing service to his parents. To constantly repeat the Manthra
Om Namo Bhagavathe Vasudevaya with great faith chandra malini chanted
this Manthra for 3 years. Then in the Tamil month of Massi, on the 12th
dat after Amavasya Lord Vishnu gave her darshan accompanied by lords
Brahma, Siva, other Devas and her husband mithra sahaa.
Lord Siva told her that anyone who took bath in the river Thambraparani
and worshipped Dasaavathara Moorthy at the temple on the banks of the
river would be purified of all sins and would be blessed with
prosperity. All the gods also took bath in the river and Chandra malini
joined with her husband and both went to Paradise(Swarga). This episode
about Chandra malini reveals how holy the Vishnu Vanam the river
Thambraparani and the Diety Dasaavathara Moorthy are granting every
request of the ardent devotee.
The temple is built Aharam, a small village about 2 km from Vallanadu on
the TIRUNELVELI-TUTICORIN High road, Tuticorin District. The temple got
damaged in 1923 due to floods in the river. Even the sanctorum and the
oonjal mandapam were fully destroyed.
A group of nomads well versed in dancing and acting visited this Vishnu
Vanam (now Aharam) and entertained the people there. Mithra Sahaa, was
very much impressed by their dramas and regularly visited their shows.
Though a Brahmin he learnt dance and acting from member of this troup
and he too began to conduct dramas exhibhiting the interesting
activities of Lord Vishnu, during his ten in carnations-Machcha, Loruma,
Varaha, Narasimha, Parasurama, Sri Rama, Sri Krishna and Kalki. People
appreciated his plays and rewarded him plentifully. Mithra Sahaa
travelled throughout India, enacting his Dasaavathara plays and earned
a lot of fame and wealth. He finally visited Kashmir which was then
ruled by king Kumkumangan. The king also very much appreciated his
dramas and honoured him with gifts. The kings daughter Chandramalini
became a fan of Mithra Sahaa and gradually fell in love with him. The
king had to marry her to Mithra Sahaa.
The couple travelled widely and came to Pandya king puruththan gave them
good support and the couple settled in Pandya kingdom itself. They were
leading a happy wedded life.
One day Chandra malini requested her husband to re-enact his
Dassavathara dramas for her alone. She enjoyed the plays so much that
she wanted Mithra Sahaa to enact the plays again-again. Fulfilling her
request Mithra Sahaa gradually became weak and finally her breathed his
last Chandra malini could not bear his loss. She too wanted a commit
suicide by drowning herself in the river Thambraparani.
Lord Vishnu came to her in the guise of an old Brahmin and consoled her.
The presiding deity Dasaavathara Moorthy, known also as Sri Anjel
perumal facing east is now placed in the Artha Mandapam.
Uthsavar with Sri devi and Bhooma Devi on either side, Sri venu gopal
swamy with sri satya bama Sri Dharma Sastha, Sri Garuda azwar are the
other deities to be worshipped at this temple.
Kumba Abhishekam on a small scale was performed on 08.05.1952.
Thereafter for want of funds no repairs could be made. Daily pooja is
performed for one time only.
A committee has recently been formed by a few sincere devotees who are
ambitions to renew the temple and perform kumbabishekam too.
As the temple is devoid of funds these works have to be carried out only
through the liberal donations of the people.
People from various cities of India. Like Mumbai, Bangalore. Hyderbad,
Chennai, Mysore, Coimbatore, Salem, and Tricy visit this temple to
perform various parihaarams, Homams and Dhanams. By worshipping Sri
machcha Avathara Perumal here, devotees get rid of khedu Dhosha. Again
sani Dhosha is relieved of by worshipping Sri korma Avathara perumal,
Rahu Dosha is got rid of by the worship of Sri Varagha Avathaa Perumal
By prayers to Lakshmi Narasimha perumal chevvai Dhosha is relieved, By
prayers to Vamana Avathara Peruaml Vyaza Dhosha is relieved. Similarly
Sukra Dhosha is relieved by worshipping Sri parasurama Perumal and surya
dhosha is relieved by prayers to Sri Rama, Chandra dhosha is relieved by
workshipping Lord Krishna here. By worshipping Sri kalki Avathara
Perumal Budha Dhosha is relieved.
Visit to Dasavaratha Perumal temple on Ammavasya days particularly on
Adi, Thai and Purattasi (MahalayaAmavasya) months and performance of
parihaara Homams and giving Dhaanam will surely relieve one of the
various sins (Dhoshams).
While taking bath in the river the chanting of the following sloka will
Punyayai Punya Bhoothayai
Pudaryai Malaya Booprutha
Sarva Theertha Swaroopayai
Thambraparanyi Namo Namaha.
It is estimated that the renovation works and expenses for kumbha
Abhishekam would cost around Rs.28 lakhs.
The kumbabhisheka committee, therefore request the ordent devotees to
contribute liberally to meet the expenses.
The committee has decided to inscribe the names of those who donate
Rs.25,000 and above, on the temple stone and honour them.
Your kind donations may please be sent to
SRI DASAAVATHARA KAINGARYA COMMITTEE,
2/43, PUDU GRAMAM,
VALLANADU, Tuticorin Dt., TAMILNADU - 628 252,
(Ph.04630 - 261142).
Let us join the great saints Sri Haya Greeva, Sri Adhri, Sri Mandavyar,
Sri Gowthamar, Sri Angeerasar, Sri Vashistar, Sri Somar, Sri Dhurvasar,
Sri Kabhilar, Sri Agasthiar and Srimathi Mudra devi who all had
performed penance on the holy banks of the river Tambraparan and had
made this place a very sacred one.
No doubt a dharshan of Lord Sri Dasaavathaara perumal of this temple
will purify us and we will be blessed by the Lord with the fulfillment
of every one of our aspirations.
The author of Tamirabarani Mahathmiyam was Sri Veda Vyasa.
Translated By Script By
(From Tamil to English) (From Sanskrit to Tamil)
Sri.M.Thothadri, Sri Lakshmanan
(Professor - Retired) (Professor - Retired)
NB: Since Lord Perumal Gave darshan directly here and taught Manthra
Upadesam, Writing of Sri Ramajayam from the devotees all over India are
received here. And it has been decided to establish Shree Rama Jayas
Thoobi. Devotees are requested to send their writings of Sri Rama Jayam
to the address of the committee.